Neck pain and headache are mainly seen in people with poor posture. People who have jobs consisting of sitting in front of the computer are prone to this pain. Our neck and head are supported by many ligaments, muscles, tendons, and bones. A poor posture can decrease the integrity of this structure. Any prolonged tension in the muscles along with a strain can cause a stiff neck.

The main reasons why people get headaches include anxiety, less sleep, and tension. It is highly important to get these symptoms treated. This article will explain in detail the causes and treatments for headaches, neck pain, and stiff neck.

What Is Neck Pain And Headache?

Both of these pains are commonly seen together. The causes and symptoms of these conditions are different than each other and are described below:

Neck Pain

Our neck consists of vertebrae. These vertebrae provide support to the muscles of the neck. They extend from the skull to the upper torso. These vertebrae have discs present between them. The purpose of these discs is to absorb the shocks. The pain in this region is a strong indicator of any injury or overuse of the muscle. The alignment of the ligaments, muscles, and bones is what keeps the neck intact. Any abnormality in this alignment will cause neck pain.

Causes Of Neck Pain

Learn the most common causes for neck pain:


The most common cause of neck pain is an underlying injury. This injury can be in any form. Most people experience neck pain after a fall, a car accident, or during sports. It can be dangerous as well. If the muscles and ligaments are pulled far from their range, this condition can be fatal. If you have fractured the vertebrae in the neck, your spinal cord can also be damaged.

The sudden jerking of the neck is commonly seen in whiplash injury. In a whiplash injury, the head of a person moves forward and suddenly backward with great force. It results in the damaging of the soft tissues. People who have experienced whiplash injury complain of discomfort that stays for a long duration.

Muscle Strain

Another common cause of neck pain is the strain of the muscles of the neck. If you are doing certain repetitive activities, you may experience this pain. Sitting at a desk in the office in front of the computer without changing your position for too long can cause this pain. Many people who have poor posture also experience this pain. If you have slept in the wrong position, you may have strained the muscles of the neck. Sometimes people are not careful during exercise, and it can also lead to neck pain.

Other Causes

There are some other causes where you will experience pain in your neck. These causes include heart attack and meningitis. If you are experiencing neck pain along with pain in the jaw and arm, it can be a sign of a heart attack. This condition demands immediate emergency medical help. The inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord is commonly known as meningitis.

Patient experiences severe pain in the neck in this condition. Patients who are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (inflammation of the joints), osteoporosis, and spinal stenosis also have neck pain.


If the pain in the neck is mild, it can be easily treated with ice and heat therapy. Seeking help from a physiotherapist will also provide better results. Doctors also suggest over-the-counter medications for the relief of pain. Wearing a neck collar for a strained muscle can help with the pain.

If the neck pain is stubborn and not going away, you might have to go for a proper check-up. If you have experienced any fall or injury, you will have to go for medical tests. These tests mostly include X-ray, CT-scan, electromyography, and MRI scans. They help in getting a clear picture of your condition.


It is strongly related to the muscles of the neck. The muscles of the neck play an important role in causing a headache. When the muscles of the neck are experiencing tension, they cause a headache. There are different types of headaches. The most common ones include tension headaches and headaches related to other diseases.


These pains are a result of the mixed signals within your brain. Once this happens, an unknown mechanism activates and affects the muscles. Common causes of headaches include stress, depression, and anxiety. If a person is not getting enough sleep, they will experience a headache. People who have been stressed for longer periods have a constant headache. If a nerve in your neck is compressed, it can affect the normal activity of your neck and can cause headaches.


If you are suffering from a tension headache, you can take painkillers. The intensity of tension headaches is usually severe. Taking pain killers will help you in overcoming the pain. Staying away from any stress is also important. Getting a good sleep for at least 8 hours is important. If it is caused by a pinched nerve, your physiotherapist can help you in getting rid of the problem. If the pain is not going anywhere, you might have to get yourself tested. It can be a sign of an underlying issue. People suffering from meningitis also complain about frequent headaches.

Stiff Neck

It is much similar to neck pain. But in this case, the problem arises mainly from muscle strains. A person experiencing this pain might not be able to turn their head around. It is described as the difficulty in moving your neck around and soreness in the neck region. This pain can come with a headache, arm, or shoulder pain as well.


The dominant cause of a stiff neck is the strain of the neck muscles. It can also be due to the injury in the soft tissues of the neck. Levator scapulae muscle is most commonly injured in a stiff neck. This muscle is present at the back and side of the neck. Any injury to this muscle can restrict the sideways movements of the neck.

If you have slept in the wrong position, it can easily be pulled. You will wake up with a pain in your neck. Any sudden impact on your neck can cause soreness of the neck. This usually happens in accidental falls in sports and injuries. A slouched posture or a habit of constantly looking down at your phone can also cause this pain. Taking stress is also a leading cause of this issue.


If you want to prevent a stiff neck, you have to maintain a good posture. For pain relief, you can take over-the-counter medications. This pain usually goes away in a few days. Make sure to reevaluate your workplace sitting habits. You need to customize your workspace to maintain a proper posture. Don’t sit in the same position for too long. Keep changing your position. A physiotherapist can help you with poor posture.

Avoid using bags with straps to decrease stress on the neck. If the pain is persistent for more than a week, seek professional help. Neck pain and headache can decrease the productivity of a person. These are stressful conditions and require immediate help.

Most of the time, stiff neck or neck pain is caused by a strained muscle. Excessive stress and not taking enough sleep can also common causes of headaches. The treatment options start from fixing your posture and changing your position while working. Consulting a physiotherapist can also help a lot.

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