In our body, blood flows without breaks and performs various jobs. It has to transfer oxygen, glucose, and other important things to different cells. It is also an important tool to address immune functions. Its continuous flow ensures life, and anything that inhibits its normal flow can lead to serious effects. Following is a detailed answer to the question what causes blood clots?
What Is A Blood Clot? What Causes Blood Clots?
Can you explain what causes blood clots? A blood clot may be a gel-like mass that forms by the fibrin and platelets in the blood. It stops blood from flowing or helps to stop bleeding. It may also form for repairing a damaged blood vessel. It can repair both veins and arteries. Sometimes, blood clots form inappropriately in some areas. They may produce serious symptoms because it decreases the flow of blood.
Therefore, blood clots may cause serious problems such as decreased blood pressure, hemorrhage, or others. Individuals may feel suffocated. Blood clots are a blessing when you are injured because they can stop bleeding and help you save your blood. They can protect an individual’s life by preventing blood loss. They aren’t good when they form abnormally in the blood vessels where they affect the normal flow of blood. They may affect the whole metabolism of the body.
What Causes Blood Clots In Veins
Veins are the blood vessels that carry blood from different parts of the body to the heart. They collect blood from whole body parts. The risk factors that may cause blood clotting in veins are prolonged immobility. For example, when people take too many car or plane rides, they may get this problem. Smoking and specific types of medicines such as birth control pills may also cause blood clotting in veins. Specific types of surgical operations such as orthopedic surgeries in which splints and casts are placed for making the patient immobile may also lead to blood clotting in veins. Some people may have inherited disorders that may become a cause of blood clotting in veins.
Blood Clotting In Arteries
Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to different parts of the body. They distribute blood to different body parts for normal functioning. The causes of blood clotting in arteries are smoking, high blood pressure, higher cholesterol level, diabetes, and others. Heart conditions may also become a cause of blood clotting. For example, atrial fibrillation, which is a disturbance in the rhythm of the heart, can also be a reason for blood clotting in arteries. Trauma due to accidents or due to surgical procedures can also lead to the formation of blood clots in arteries. These are some of the causes of blood clotting.
Blood Clots In The Heart
Atrial fibrillation is a condition or disorder in which the atrium (upper chamber of the heart) doesn’t beat properly. Instead of beating, it jiggles that makes the blood stagnant along the atrial walls. This process leads to the formation of small blood clots over time. These blood clots may also form in the lower chamber of the heart (ventricle). The main reason for forming blood clots in ventricles is injured heart muscles that can’t contract normally after a heart attack. The damaged area is unable to contract like other parts. Blood may become stagnate in these parts and lead to the formation of blood clots.
Blood Clots At The Injured Parts
Blood clots also form at the injured body parts when they are bleeding. This is very beneficial for the body because it helps to prevent blood from flowing out of the body. In the absence of this process, injured parts may lose a lot of blood, leading to serious outcomes. It helps to stop bleeding from cuts or scrapes, sprains and strains, broken bones, and nosebleed. This is a natural process that can help to keep a person safe from unrecoverable losses. It may give life to the affected individuals.
Blood Clotting Causing Other Health Issues
Sometimes blood clotting may cause serious health problems. These problems are due to the location of blood clots. For example, many reasons are behind the blood clotting in urine. They may be trauma, infection, tumor, or cancer. Clots may also form over the urethra. This is the cavity or tube which helps to empty the bladder. This clot may prevent the urethra from emptying the bladder and leading to a condition known as urinary retention. Clot formation in the uterus may also become the reason for serious problems. It may cause severe pain while passing through the cervix and lead to vaginal bleeding. Hence, this discussion has revealed What Causes Blood Clots?
Symptoms Of Blood Clots
Blood clotting may affect differently depending upon its location. It produces different symptoms based on the area where the blood clots are present. Following are two divisions of symptoms of blood clotting.
Symptoms Of Blood Clots In Veins
We have mentioned earlier that blood returns to the heart through veins. Therefore, blood clots in the veins may lead to block blood and prevent it from returning to the heart. This is a damming effect that may produce symptoms. Mostly, this type of blood clotting occurs in the legs and arms. Symptoms of blood clotting in veins are warmth, redness, pain, and swelling. Mostly, one leg or arm may get this condition.
It may swell and become painful. This condition may persist for many hours. It makes the leg or arm red, warm, or swollen. These symptoms make it difficult to recognize whether it is an infection or deep vein thrombosis (DVT). These symptoms may become severely painful and teasing. People suffering from such problems may feel uncomfortable for long hours.
Symptoms Of Blood Clots In Arteries
When a blood clot forms in the arteries, it may lead to the deprivation of blood of the affected area. It stops the heart from pumping blood to the affected area. Due to the deprivation of blood, cells in the affected area start dying. These areas become ischemic. Symptoms of blood clotting in arteries depend upon the area where blood clotting has occurred. Arterial blood clots are serious and may cause emergency medical conditions and illnesses.
Blood clotting occurring in the coronary arteries may become a cause of the heart attack. Heart attack symptoms are chest pressure or pain, shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, and indigestion. This pain may radiate to the jaw, back, or arm. Blood clotting in the arteries leading to the brain may lead to transient ischemic attack or stroke. Its symptoms are loss of speech and vision. Prolonged dizziness and loss of sensation are also symptoms.
Causes Of Blood Clots
You must know the answer to the question what causes blood clots? The causes of blood clotting in the arteries are those that cause narrowing of the blood vessels, Cholesterol plaque formation, and plaque rupture. Its causes include high blood pressure, higher levels of blood cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and cancer. Blood clots in the arteries may occur due to genetic errors in the clotting mechanism or immobility. Immobility may be due to many reasons, such as accidents or trauma. People may become bedridden after particular surgeries.
Prolonged travels through cars and planes can also be a reason to cause immobility and blood clots. Immobility causes blood clots because muscles are unable to pump blood properly. Some people may have genetic errors in the mechanism of blood clotting. They may have inborn genetic errors that make a person hypercoagulable. Such persons are at greater risk of getting blood clots. Therefore, increased exercise can reduce the risk of developing problems of blood clotting. Increased smoking is one of the big causes of blood clotting. Diabetic patients are also at risk of developing blood clots.
Treatment And Prevention
Depending upon the location of blood clots, patients may be treated aggressively. Some conditions aren’t important, and they need only symptomatic treatments. The treatment for blood clots in the superficial or deep veins is directed to manage pains and reduce inflammation through medication. Medicines for such conditions include ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or Motrin.
When clots are present in the deep vein system of arms and legs, then anticoagulation medications can help to thin the blood. Patients with DVT or PE who don’t have active cancer should be treated with novel oral anticoagulant medications (NOACs). On the other hand, patients with DVT or PE who have active cancer can be treated with low molecular weight heparin. Blood clots are preventable and avoidable by taking some precautions. You should know the risk factors that cause blood clots in your body and try to avoid them.
For example, reducing or quitting smoking, increasing exercise or workouts, and many other activities can help you prevent blood clotting. We have seen various factors and causes of blood clotting. Blood clotting may be beneficial when it helps to stop bleeding from a wound or injury and dangerous when they block the arteries and prevent the blood from reaching the desired body parts. This article has answered the question what causes blood clots?